3 Piece Airlock: Bubbler Fermenter

The 3-Piece airlock is the best choice for the primary fermenter, since it comes apart for easy cleaning in the event of a blow-off. Fill to the line with boiled water or sanitizer to create a closed fermenting system that allows CO2 to escape, but does not allow air back in to contaminate your beer or wine.

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(75 customer reviews)

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  • Versatile Use: Suitable for beer, wine, mead, and cider.
  • Efficient Design: Prevents oxidation and contamination by allowing gases to escape.
  • Easy to Clean: Simple disassembly for thorough cleaning.
  • Durable Material: Made from high-quality, food-grade plastic.
  • Clear Visibility: Transparent construction for easy monitoring of fermentation activity.

Usage Instructions:

  1. Preparation: Fill the airlock with sanitized water or a sanitizing solution.
  2. Attachment: Insert the airlock into the grommeted hole of your fermenter lid or bung.
  3. Monitoring: Check regularly to ensure it remains filled and functional.


  • Enhanced Fermentation Control: Maintains an anaerobic environment for yeast activity.
  • Reduced Risk of Contamination: Protects the brew from airborne contaminants.
  • Convenient Maintenance: Easy to disassemble and sanitize, ensuring a clean fermentation process.

Make a 8-10mm hole in an airtight vessel and attach airlock using a grommet or cork

Unlike the traditional S type twin bubbler, this one does not need any water to operate. Hence it is ideal for prolonged secondary aging.

FAQ (6)

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Fermentation is Sugar (malt, fructose, or sucrose) being converted to CO2 and ethanol alcohol. Firstly if this CO2 is not vented out, it will build up pressure and will cause the home brew fermenter to explode. The primary job of an airlock is to allow this CO2 to be safely vented out.

Second problem is that if oxygen or outside air is allowed in, this will react with alcohol and convert it to vinegar (acetic acid). The reason airlock is named as an lock because it should lock the outside air out.

Arishtam keeps two varieties of airlock. The traditional S Type and the modern 3 piece airlock.

Wine is fermented for the first 1 week without an airlock. Similarly most beer brewers will keep their fermenter open (without airlock) for the first 4-6 hours. This is because oxygen in the initial stages of fermentation is helpful. That being said fermenting without airlock increases the chances of oxidation. Your alocohol will turn to Vinegar.

Even for non alcoholic fermentation airlock is used. Airlock helps keep mold, bacteria and infection away. Also flies get attracted to the CO2 from fermentation. Airlock keeps them out.

  • Step 1: Ensure that the fermenter is sealed airtight. If the lid is loose some food-grade packing (cling wrap, Teflon tape, or food-grade silicone sealant or food-grade adhesive) is used to seal the fermenter.
  • Step 2: Create a hole in the lid of the fermenter for the airlock. Use a drilling machine or hot iron nail to achieve it. I like fermenters with a plastic lid as making a hole is easy.
  • Seal the joint between the lid. You can use a cork, a grommet or a hot glue sealant for this.
  • Arm the airlock by adding some water or disinfectant to it.
  • Test for air leakage. Press the lid gently. If the airlock bubbles then the seal is good enough. Else you need to debug and find the leakage to be plugged.
airlock attached to fermenter lid

It depends really on the stage of the fermentation, temperature, and batch size. For a typical 20 Liters batch (5 gallons) fermenting at 20 degrees:

  1. It normally takes 24-48 hours for the yeast to start bubbling. This is because during the boiling of beer all the dissolved air is expelled. So a lot of CO2 generated by the yeast will be dissolved in the wort before the airlock starts bubbling.
  2. Lower temperature increases the CO2 solubility and decreases the yeast action. Hence lagers take even longer to start bubbling.
  3. For the first 3 days (for ales and wine) the fermentation is at its peak. The bubbling rate will be high. About 5-10 bubbles a minute.
  4. Once ~30% of the fermentable sugar is converted, the bubbling rates start to fall down drastically.
  5. Usually, by the end of the week, the fermentation rate drops to less than a bubble every minute.
  6. In the secondary fermentation or aging the airlock rarely bubbles. Bubbling is a sign of either there is a drastic temperature change or refermentation.

Ideally, you can fill the S type airlock with water and 3 piece airlock does not need any water to arm the lock. However many brewers recommend filling the airlock with disinfectant (sanitizer, or spirit). This is because:

  1. If there is a drastic temperature change, there are chances that S type airlock will start sucking back air into the fermenter. A sanitizer will ensure that microbes are not introduced in the process.
  2. If the headspace is not enough, the fermenter can overflow. This causes yeast and organic material to spill out and attract flies/contaminants. A sanitizer limits the damage.
  3. One big problem with fermentation is flies get attracted to the CO2 being generated. They often lay eggs in the airlock.

Mangrove Jack’s craft brewer’s yeast sold at arishtam.com is in the dry form. Dry yeast is easy to store, transport, and carry. The wet yeast on the other hand needs to be chilled at all times and has a shelf life of a few weeks (as compared to almost 2 years for dry yeast). As a result for a hobby brewer and even microbrewery dry yeast is much more convenient and easy to use.

Although most manufacturers recommend that you use the yeast directly, but rehydrating the yeast is always advisable for the following reasons:

  1. When hydrated, the yeast forms spores and goes into inactive state. By hydrating it in a sugar/wort plus nutrient solution, you give it adequate time and jumpstart to become fully active again.
  2. Yeast often dies when expired, mishandled, exposed to humidity or high temperaures during transportation or storage. If you pinch it directly in the wort, it will take 24-48 hours before you can detect yeast inactivity. By hydrating the yeast, you are always 100% sure the yeast is active.
  3. Hydrated yeast have a jumpstart over any other contaminents or microbial infection. When the wort is cooled, it sometimes picks up infection from the fermenter or air. If the dry brewer’s yeast is hydrated (good yeast count) they are able to fend off infection by the mere fact that they are more in number and faster in activity.


  1. Take 5-10X of sterlized water (boil the wort or water) (50ml)
  2. If you are using water then add some priming sugar or table sugar to make a 5% solution (2.5gm or 1/2 teaspoon). DME or wort can be also used instead of sugar.
  3. (optional) add nutrients 1/4gm per 50ml.
  4. Boil and cool it to body temperature.
  5. Once the solution has cooled to 25-35 degrees celsius then add your yeast (5gm)
  6. Wait for 30 minutes to foaming to start and then add it to your beer wort or wine must.

If the foaming has not happened. Then wait for another 30 minutes. If not then the yeast is probably inactive and it might be best to use a backup sachet.

If you still have a question, write in the comments section and we will get back to you.

75 reviews for 3 Piece Airlock: Bubbler Fermenter

Based on 75 reviews

Customer Images

Image #1 from Alemyanger Aier
Image #2 from Sarabdeep Singh
Image #1 from Alemyanger Aier

Alemyanger Aier

Great product with perfect size

Image #2 from Sarabdeep Singh

Sarabdeep Singh

Thanks for the amazing airlock. Works perfectly.

Image #1 from Alemyanger Aier
Image #2 from Sarabdeep Singh
1-5 of 75 reviews
  1. Great

  2. Good product

  3. Excellent

  4. Order received safely!

  5. Good stuff !!

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